Architecture can also be expressed as a process of design, planning and construction of structures which are reflecting functional, technical, social, environmental and aesthetic considerations.
It is a fundamental process for architects to incorporate several principles to achieve several design objectives appropriate for the client. Such principles may include but not limited to business and finance principles, marketing strategies, universal principles of design and elements of art.
Architects fully recognize such strategies and with other processes and specialties can lead to an idea and creative results. Collaborations of these is a potential source of inspirations for design development. Design Elements are essential tools in creating art. These elements often recognized being applied on drawings, paintings and other works of art. Several Design Elements that are useful in the development of initial designs in architecture are:
* Colour (Hue, Saturation, Shades) colour theory
* Shape (Geometric, Organic etc)
* Texture (sense of touch on surface)
* Line / Direction
These Design Elements were applied to several Principles of Design in which architects exploits for Design Development. These Principles of Design generally illustrates the ways how these elements were utilized. Several Principles of Design are:
* Balance: visual distribution of colours, texture, weight of objects and space.
* Emphasis: focal point, centre of viewer's attention. Usually an area standing out by contrasting it with others. * Movement: path the viewer’s eye takes through the work of art leading to another area, space. usually leading to emphasis. * Pattern: Repetition of a Design Element. * Repetition: usually works with pattern to make the work of art seem active.
* Scale / Proportion: unity created when all parts relate well with each other, usually in sizes, amounts, or number.
* Rhythm: when one or more elements of design are used repeatedly to create a feeling of organized movement.
* Variety: use of several elements of design to hold the viewer’s attention. usually creates sense of articulation, alters consistency in harmonious way.
* Unity: harmony between all parts of the work of art, which creates a sense of completeness.
* Hierarchy: refers to order of significance. sense of arrangement according to importance.
These Design Elements and Principles of Design are one of the significant tools in development of the aesthetic quality of an architectural project. It even serves as guides for architects to control designs addressing all the given adjectives and still aesthetically pleasing. Considering the evolution of technology, quality of life and way of living. Such guides can be considered timeless, and goes well on any architectural style and methods.